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Gynecol Oncol. 1996 Feb;60(2):288-91.

Treatment of recurrent adenocarcinoma of the endometrium with pelvic exenteration.

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Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


Women with recurrent endometrial carcinoma are usually not considered candidates for pelvic exenteration. To assess the efficacy of this procedure, the records of all patients undergoing pelvic exenteration for adenocarcinoma of the endometrium at four institutions from 1955 through 1988 were reviewed. Of the 31 procedures performed, 7 were for primary therapy and 4 were judged to be palliative in nature and were excluded from analysis. Of the 20 patients with recurrent endometrial cancer who underwent exenteration with curative intent, all had previously received pelvic radiotherapy, 14 as part of their primary treatment and 6 as part of the treatment of recurrent disease. Six of 20 patients also received chemotherapy or hormonal therapy prior to exenteration. The median patient age was 65 years (range 44-79 years). At most recent follow-up, 8 patients were alive and disease free, 2 were alive with disease, 6 had died of disease, and 4 had died of other causes. The median follow-up of living patients is 89 months. Twelve of 20 patients experienced major complications, the most common of which was neovaginal flap necrosis. Of the 20 patients, 1 patient (5%) died in 1963 of surgical complications. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of 5-year disease-free survival is 45%. Pelvic exenteration can produce an acceptable rate of disease-free survival in highly selected patients with local recurrence of endometrial adenocarcinoma who have exhausted other treatment modalities.

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