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Experientia. 1996 Mar 15;52(3):234-8.

Oxidative modifications of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) by the human endothelial cell line EA.hy 926.

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Laboratoire de Biochimie Aplliquée, Faculté de Pharmacie, Châtenay-Malabry, France.


Modifications of LDL by the EA.hy 926 cell line were compared to those generated by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) index values (TBARS sample/TBARS cell-free control ratio) were 2.64 +/- 0.18 (m +/- SE, n = 11) and 3.12 +/- 0.24 (n = 11), for HUVEC and EA.hy 926, respectively. The percentage of the most electronegative modified LDL fraction (fraction C), assessed by using an ion-exchange chromatographic method based on fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC), represented 14 +/- 3% (n = 34) and 22 +/- 13% (n =10) of total modified LDL in HUVEC and EA.hy 926, respectively. LDL modified by both cell lines showed increased agarose electrophoretic mobility and apo B100 fragmentation on SDS-PAGE. None of the results were significantly different between the two cell lines. Superoxide anion production was 0.12 +/- 0.04 (n = 11) and 0.07 +/- 0.01 nmol/min/mg cell protein (n = 11) in HUVEC and EA.hy 926, respectively. Cell-specific effects on LDL were abrogated in cysteine-free medium. Moreover, cell-modified LDL were similarly degraded by J774 macrophage-like cells. We conclude that EA.hy 926 cells are a good model for investigating endothelial cell-induced modifications of LDL. Advantages include ready availability and less individual variability than with HUVEC.

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