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Nat Genet. 1996 Apr;12(4):368-75.

Karyotyping human chromosomes by combinatorial multi-fluor FISH.

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Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.


We have developed epifluorescence filter sets and computer software for the detection and discrimination of 27 different DNA probes hybridized simultaneously. For karyotype analysis, a pool of human chromosome painting probes, each labelled with a different fluor combination, was hybridized to metaphase chromosomes prepared from normal cells, clinical specimens, and neoplastic cell lines. Both simple and complex chromosomal rearrangements could be detected rapidly and unequivocally; many of the more complex chromosomal abnormalities could not be delineated by conventional cytogenetic banding techniques. Our data suggest that multiplex-fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) could have wide clinical utility and complement standard cytogenetics, particularly for the characterization of complex karyotypes.

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