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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 May 6;222(1):164-70.

SFA-2, a novel bZIP transcription factor induced by human T-cell leukemia virus type I, is highly expressed in mature lymphocytes.

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  • 1First Department of Internal Medicine, Ehime University School of Medicine, Japan.


A novel cellular gene, SFA-2, was isolated by differential hybridization of a cDNA library, using probes obtained from an adult T-cell leukemia cell line in comparison with normal CD4+ T cells and MOLT-4 cell line. The mRNA of the SFA-2 gene is approximately 0.9-kb in size and encodes a protein of 125 amino acids, containing a basic region-leucine zipper DNA-binding domain. The N-terminal region of SFA-2 is rich in serine and contains a consensus sequence for casein kinase II phosphorylation. The SFA-2 gene was strongly expressed in mature T and B lymphocytes, and was up-regulated after transformation by human T-cell leukemia virus type I. The SFA-2 did not homodimerize efficiently but formed heterodimer preferentially with c-Jun. The SFA-2/c-Jun heterodimer bound preferentially to the AP-1 and CRE sites.

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