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Am J Kidney Dis. 1996 May;27(5):680-6.

Vitamin B6 and hemodialysis: the impact of high-flux/high-efficiency dialysis and review of the literature.

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Department of Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford 08084-1504, USA.


High-flux/high-efficiency (HF/HE) dialysis is associated with improved clearance for larger molecules, which include a wide variety of middle molecules and water-soluble vitamins. Our study attempted to measure in vivo clearances of serum pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP), the active metabolite of vitamin B6, on standard cuprophan versus cellulose triacetate HF/HE dialysis for patients maintained on 10 mg daily pyridoxine supplements. A longitudinal evaluation of PLP after 3 months on HF/HE dialysis was performed simultaneously. The average in vivo PLP clearance for six patients on standard hemodialysis increased by more than 50%, from 86 +/- 61.7 mL/min using a cuprophan membrane to 173 +/- 90.2 mL/min using a cellulose triacetate dialyzer, at average blood flows of 375 mL/min (P < 0.05). Levels of PLP decreased from a baseline of 50 +/- 13.8 ng/mL to 24 +/- 9.7 ng/mL (P < 0.05) after 3 months of HF/HE treatments; the levels returned to 45 +/- 6.4 ng/mL on resumption of standard dialysis treatments. Although not achieving statistical significance, the average hematocrit increased from 31.2% +/- 1.66% to 32.7% +/- 1.24% while on HF/HE dialysis without an increase in erythropoietin requirements. We conclude that HF/HE dialysis treatments can have a dramatic impact on vitamin B6 homeostasis. Further investigation to evaluate the effects of different membranes and reprocessing should be performed on more heterogeneous patient populations in whom compliance problems with diet and vitamin supplementation may exist. The increased clearance of vitamin B6 may have significantly more detrimental effects in these settings.

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