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Transplantation. 1996 May 15;61(9):1410-1.

Rapid resolution of chylous ascites after liver transplantation using somatostatin analog and total parenteral nutrition.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Abstract

Chylous ascites is the accumulation of chylomicronrich lymphatic fluid within the peritoneal cavity. It is a rare complication of retroperitoneal surgery, and may occur spontaneously in 0.5% of patients with cirrhosis. Its management is controversial, and despite a variety of treatment options with limited efficacy, the course is usually indolent. In this article, we report a case of rapid resolution of chylous ascites after liver transplantation following 10 days of treatment using somatostatin analog (Octreotide, 100 micrograms sc. t.i.d.) and total parenteral nutrition (TPN). A 55-year-old man underwent liver transplantation for hepatitis C cirrhosis, and developed an infected chylous fistula on the 10th day. Treatment by fasting, TPN, and somatostatin analog resulted in a rapid falloff in fistula output, with complete resolution of ascites within 2 days. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of somatostatin analog and TPN used in combination for rapid and successful closure of a chylous fistula.

PMID:
8629307
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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