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J Infect Dis. 1996 May;173(5):1137-47.

Interaction of Haemophilus influenzae with the mammalian extracellular matrix.

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Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Finland.


The adhesiveness of 2 unencapsulated nonfimbriated strains of Haemophilus influenzae, 23459 and 23330, and the encapsulated fimbriated strain 770235 to extracellular matrix (ECM) and to its isolated components was studied, as was the potential of H. influenzae plasminogen receptors to enhance degradation of ECM and bacterial penetration through basement membrane. All strains exhibited efficient adhesiveness to reconstituted basement membrane and to ECM from cultured human endothelial cells. Strains 23459 and 23330 efficiently adhered to immobilized laminin, fibronectin, and various collagens. Strain 770235 adhered efficiently to fibronectin and type I and III collagens and with low efficiency to laminin. With all 3 strains, plasmin generated on H. influenzae plasminogen receptors degraded laminin and fibronectin as well as ECM from human endothelial cells. Plasmin bound on H. influenzae cells also potentiated penetration of bacteria through a basement membrane preparation reconstituted on membrane filters. These results give evidence for a role of ECM adherence and plasminogen activation in the spread of H. influenzae through tissue barriers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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