Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 May;81(5):1791-7.

Quantitative genetic analyses of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-binding protein-1, and insulin levels in middle-aged and elderly twins.

Author information

Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


With the use of quantitative genetic models, the relative importance of genetic and environmental influences on serum levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), and insulin was evaluated in 248 pairs of middle-aged and elderly Swedish twins reared apart and reared together. Heritability estimates (the relative influence of genetic effects) were 48% for insulin, 63% for IGF-I, and 36% for IGFBP-1. There was no indication of differences in heritability estimates for IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and insulin across age and gender groups. Nonshared environmental influences, unique to individuals, explained the remaining variance in the measures. The genetic influences on IGF-I levels were independent of the genetic influences on insulin and IGFBP-1 levels. However, a small, but significant, proportion of the genetic variation in IGFBP-1 was in common with genetic influences for insulin. Furthermore, genetic effects explained 36% of the phenotypic correlation between IGFBP-1 and insulin, whereas the phenotypic associations between IGF-I and both IGFBP-1 and insulin were entirely attributable to environmental effects. Finally, the phenotypic association between IGF-I and IGFBP-1 was mediated wholly by environmental influences in common with insulin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center