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Endocrinology. 1996 Apr;137(4):1492-6.

Differential expression of the full-length and truncated forms of the epidermal growth factor receptor in the preimplantation mouse uterus and blastocyst.

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1
Department of Physiology, Ralph L. Smith Research Center, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, 66160, USA.

Abstract

The present investigation examined the differential expression of the full-length (fl) and the truncated (tr) forms of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr) in the preimplantation mouse uterus and blastocyst. Northern blot hybridization using a complementary RNA probe specific to the full-length form (EGFr-fl) detected a 6.5-kb transcript, whereas that of the truncated form (EGFr-tr) detected a 2.7-kb transcript in the preimplantation mouse uterus on days 1 and 4 of pregnancy (day 1 = vaginal plug). In situ hybridization using these probes detected the EGFr-fl transcripts only in the stroma and myometrium, but not in the epithelium, whereas EGFr-tr transcripts were detected in all major uterine cell-types. To confirm the results of in situ hybridization, RT-PCR was performed on RNA isolated from separated uterine cell-types on day 4 of pregnancy using sequence specific primers for the two forms of the receptor. The results concur that the EGFr-tr transcript is expressed in the epithelium, stroma and myometrium, whereas that of the EGFr-fl transcript is not expressed in the epithelium. In the preimplantation blastocyst, RT-PCR detected the EGFr-fl messenger RNA, but not the EGFr-tr messenger RNA. These results suggest that the blastocyst, not the uterine epithelium, is the target for EGF family of growth factors in embryo-uterine interaction during implantation.

PMID:
8625928
DOI:
10.1210/endo.137.4.8625928
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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