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Development. 1996 May;122(5):1363-71.

Two distinct endothelial lineages in ontogeny, one of them related to hemopoiesis.

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Institut d'Embryologie Cellulaire et Moleculaire du CNRS, Nogent-sur-Marne, France.


We have shown previously by means of quail/chick transplantations that external and visceral organs, i.e., somatopleural and splanchnopleural derivatives, acquire their endothelial network through different mechanisms, namely immigration (termed angiogenesis) versus in situ emergence of precursors (or vasculogenesis). We have traced the distribution of QH1-positive cells in chick hosts after replacement of the last somites by quail somites (orthotopic grafts) or lateral plate mesoderm (heterotopic grafts). The results lead to the conclusion that the embryo becomes vascularized by endothelial precursors from two distinct regions, splanchnopleural mesoderm and paraxial mesoderm. The territories respectively vascularized are complementary, precursors from the paraxial mesoderm occupy the body wall and kidney, i.e., they settle along with the other paraxial mesoderm derivatives and colonize the somatopleure. The precursors from the two origins have distinct recognition and potentialities properties: endothelial precursors of paraxial origin are barred from vascularizing visceral organs and from integrating into the floor of the aorta, and are never associated with hemopoiesis; splanchnopleural mesoderm grafted in the place of somites, gives off endothelial cells to body wall and kidney but also visceral organs. It gives rise to hemopoietic precursors in addition to endothelial cells.

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