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Cancer Res. 1996 May 15;56(10):2355-60.

Photodynamic therapy-mediated oxidative stress can induce expression of heat shock proteins.

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  • 1Clayton Ocular Oncology Center, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, California 90027, USA.

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an experimental cancer therapy inducing tumor tissue damage via photosensitizer-mediated oxidative cytotoxicity. A previous report indicates that oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide or menadione activates the heat shock transcription factor in mouse cells but does not result in either increased transcription or translation of heat shock proteins (HSPs). Our study documents that photosensitizer-mediated oxidative stress can activate the heat shock factor as well as increase HSP-70 mRNA and protein levels in mouse RIF-1 cells. The cellular heat shock response after PDT varied for the different photosensitizers being examined. Treatments using either a chlorin (mono-L-aspartyl chlorin-e6)- or purpurin (tin etio-purpurin)-based sensitizer induced HSP-70 expression, whereas identical photosensitization conditions with a porphyrin (Photofrin)-based sensitizer failed to induce a cellular HSP response. These sensitizers, which generate singlet oxygen as the primary oxidant during photosensitization, were used in experiments under isoeffective treatment conditions. HSP-70 expression after photosensitization was associated with the concomitant induction of thermotolerance in PDT-treated cells. Interestingly, reverse transcription-PCR demonstrated that in vivo PDT treatments of RIF-1 tumors induce expression of HSP-70 for all photosensitizers including Photofrin. These results indicate that photosensitizer-generated singlet oxygen exposure can induce in vitro and in vivo HSP-70 expression, and that specific subcellular targets of PDT (which can differ for various sensitizers) are determinants for HSP-70 activation after oxidative stress.

PMID:
8625311
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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