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Ann Hematol. 1996 Apr;72(4):280-5.

Platelet autoantibodies (IgG, IgM, IgA) against glycoproteins IIb/IIIa and Ib/IX in patients with thrombocytopenia.

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1
Institute for Clinical Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (AITP) is most frequently induced by platelet-specific autoantibodies against epitopes on platelet GP Ib/IX or GP IIb/IIIa. These antibodies are reliably detected on the patients' autologous platelets. So far, studies on the characterization of platelet autoantibodies have been restricted to IgG antibodies. We used the monoclonal antibody immobilization of platelet antigens assay (MAIPA) in a modified version to detect GP-specific IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies. Platelets of 46.2% of patients carried elevated amounts of IgG antibodies. IgM and IgA antibodies were observed less frequently and showed only weak OD signals in the MAIPA assay. Circulating IgG antibodies in serum were found in 11.5% of patients. Circulating IgM autoantibodies were observed in 8.9% and IgA antibodies in no patient with AITP. Results of direct MAIPA assay were compared with the reactivity of eluates in the platelet adhesion immunofluorescence assay and were found to be highly concordant. Patients with AITP in remission carried high percentages of anti-GP IIb/IIIa. Findings made in this study suggest that autoantibodies of the IgM and IgA classes play only a minor role in the pathogenesis of AITP.

PMID:
8624385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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