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Anim Genet. 1996 Feb;27(1):25-33.

Variation in the control region sequence of the sheep mitochondrial genome.

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University of Queensland, North Queensland Clinical School, Australia.


The DNA sequences of the control region of the mitochondrial genome of fifty unrelated sheep were determined in order to ascertain the extent and distribution of its variability. A consensus sequence was derived, and 1081 differences from it were observed amongst the fifty animals. Some constant groups of differences were observed that were held in common by a number of animals, which thus fell into two main groups, although neither group was typical of any of the breeds sampled. The consensus sequence also allowed comparison between the control region sequences of sheep and other mammals. The sequence contains four tandem repeats of a 75 base-pair motif that accounts for the difference in its size from the cattle control region, to which it is otherwise very similar. Comparison with the cattle sequence allowed the determination of the homologues of various functionally important sites. The homologues of the transcription promoters, the origin of replication and the central conserved sequence block were all identified by this method.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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