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Am J Pathol. 1996 May;148(5):1557-65.

Prognostic significance of Bcl-2 in clinically localized prostate cancer.

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Institute for Pathology, University Computer Center, Basel, Switzerland.


The clinical course of prostate cancer is highly variable and cannot satisfactorily be predicted by histological criteria alone. To study the prognostic significance of Bcl-2 and p53 overexpression in prostate cancer, 137 consecutive radical prostatectomy specimens were examined by immunohistochemistry. Both Bcl-2 and p53 were associated with malignant phenotype. Bcl-2 expression was more frequent in pT3 tumors (31% positive) than in pT2 tumors (5% positive, P = 0.001). p53 overexpression (found in 8%) was associated with high Gleason score (P = 0.03) and increased tumor growth fraction (Ki67 labeling index (LI); P = 0.017). Survival analysis showed that Bcl-2 expression (P = 0.03), high Ki67 LI (P = 0.018), high grade (P = 0.0037), advanced local stage (P = 0.0005), and positive lymph nodes (P = 0.026) were predictors of progression. The combined analysis of Ki67 LI and Bcl-2 allowed the distinction of three groups with different clinical outcome. Prognosis was best in Bcl-2-negative tumors with low Ki67 LI, worst in Bcl-2-positive tumors with high Ki67 LI, and intermediate in the remaining tumors (P = 0.03). These data suggest that altered expression of both Bcl-2 and p53 play a role in prostate cancer progression. Combined analysis of factors regulating both apoptosis and cell proliferation may be relevant in prostate cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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