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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Feb;174(2):687-93.

Effects of selected vasoconstrictor agonists on isolated omental artery from premenopausal nonpregnant women and from normal and preeclamptic pregnant women.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Our purpose was to compare the responsiveness of omental resistance arteries from nonpregnant women and from normotensive and preeclamptic pregnant women to selected contractile agonists.

STUDY DESIGN:

Omental artery rings with intact endothelium from normotensive premenopausal nonpregnant women and from normal and preeclamptic pregnant women were mounted in Krebs-bicarbonate solution in organ baths for isometric tension recording. After the presence of endothelium was confirmed, cumulative concentrations of norepinephrine, serotonin, U46619, and endothelin-1 were added. Concentration-response curves were constructed and expressed as percentage of a reference 60 mmol/L potassium chloride contraction. Data analysis was by repeated-measures analysis of variance. Newman-Keuls test, and paired or unpaired Student t test, as appropriate. Statistical significance was by two-tailed p<0.05.

RESULTS:

Endothelin-1 and U46619 increased tension similarly in all three groups. Norepinephrine increased tension in nonpregnant vessels to a greater extent than in either preeclamptic or pregnant vessels (nonpregnant 114.3 +/- 5.42% vs pregnant 65.2 +/- 10.5%, p<0.05). Nonpregnant omental artery developed significantly greater tension than did pregnant tissue at three concentrations of norepinephrine (10(-5) mol/L, 3 x 10(-5) mol/L, 10(-4) mol/L), and preeclamptic vessels developed more tension than that from normal pregnant vessels at 3 x 10(-6) mol/L (p=0.06) and 10(-5) mol/L (p<0.05). There was a negligible change in tension with increasing concentrations of serotonin in the vessels from nonpregnant women; serotonin-induced contraction in the omental arteries from normotensive pregnant women and preeclamptic patients was <6% of the potassium chloride reference contraction, but this was significantly (p<0.05) different from that of the nonpregnant women.

CONCLUSIONS:

Omental artery segments from nonpregnant, normotensive pregnant and preeclamptic women contract similarly to endothelin-1 and U46619 but exhibit variable responses to norepinephrine and serotonin.

PMID:
8623808
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9378(96)70451-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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