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Virology. 1996 May 1;219(1):150-60.

Analysis of cis-acting elements required for replication of barley stripe mosaic virus RNAs.

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Department of Plant Biology, University of California at Berkeley 94720, USA.

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  • Virology 1996 Jul 15;221(2):382-5.


The replicative abilities of mutant RNA transcripts derived from barley stripe mosaic virus cDNA clones were investigated in barley protoplasts that had been coinoculated with wild-type RNA alpha and -gamma transcripts. The 5' and 3' noncoding regions were required for replication, and lack of a 5' cap structure (GpppG) reduced the replicative ability substantially. All internal deletions within RNA alpha abrogated replication in trans. A 2-base change that produced a truncated alpha a protein lacking the first 16 amino acids also compromised the ability of RNA alpha to be replicated. In contrast, RNA beta transcripts containing deletions involving each ORF and the downstream poly(A) tract were effectively amplified by RNAs alpha and gamma, but collective deletion of all four ORFs drastically reduced accumulation. The intergenic region between beta a and beta b was not absolutely required for replication, but small deletions within this region reduced the abundance of RNA beta by at least 10-fold. Deletions within the first 507 nt of the gamma a ORF abrogated replication. However, transcripts containing deletions within the central and 3' regions of the gamma a ORF, the gamma a--gamma b intergenic region, and the gamma b ORF could be amplified in trans. Two mutants containing extensive deletions encompassing the central region of the gamma a ORF and most of gamma b behaved like defective interfering RNAs because they multiplied to high levels in trans and caused a pronounced reduction in accumulation of the coinoculated wild-type RNAs alpha and gamma.

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