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Oncogene. 1996 Apr 18;12(8):1645-52.

Expression of cell-cycle regulatory genes in HTLV-I infected T-cell lines: possible involvement of Tax1 in the altered expression of cyclin D2, p18Ink4 and p21Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1.

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Virology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.


To understand how the growth of T-cells transformed by Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) is deregulated, we analysed the expression of cell-cycle regulatory genes in HTLV-I infected and non-infected T-cell lines. We investigated the gene for 6 cyclins, 4 cyclin-dependent kinases, and 5 cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, and found the following: (1) HTLV-I infected T-cell lines preferentially expressed cyclin D2, whereas cyclin D3 was the major D-type cyclin in HTLV-I negative T-cell lines; (2) HTLV-I infected T-cell lines expressed strikingly low levels of p18Ink4 compared with those that were HTLV-I negative; (3) HTLV-I infected T-cell lines expressed high levels of p21Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1, whereas p21Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1 was undetectable in HTLV-I negative T-cell lines. These features were also found in T-cells immortalized by Tax1, which we established. Therefore, it is strongly suggested that Tax1 alters the expression of these cell-cycle regulatory genes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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