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Oncogene. 1996 Apr 4;12(7):1493-502.

Phosphorylation of c-Fos at the C-terminus enhances its transforming activity.

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1
Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

c-Fos is phosphorylated by MAP kinase and the 90 kDa-ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) in vitro at serines 362 and 374 (rat) which we demonstrate are major in vivo phosphorylation sites in early G1. We have constructed c-Fos mutants with these serines changed to aspartic acid residues (FosD) to mimic phosphorylation or to alanine residues (FosA) to prevent phosphorylation. Cells expressing FosD exhibited a more extensive transformed phenotype than those expressing either FosA or wild type c-Fos (FosWT). We also observed that FosA has a reduced half-life in comparison with FosD in G1. Furthermore, we observed enhanced AP-1 transactivation activity in cells expressing FosD. These results indicate that phosphorylation of c-Fos at its extreme carboxyterminus, possibly by MAP kinase and RSK, supports the proliferative response by increasing c-Fos stability and/or by increasing its transactivation activity. Under conditions in which the MAP kinase pathway is constitutively activated, c-Fos phosphorylation probably contributes to cellular transformation. The highly conserved nature of these phosphorylation sites in other c-fos family members suggests that these may also be targets of MAP kinase and RSK.

PMID:
8622865
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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