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Mutat Res. 1996 Apr 13;351(2):199-203.

Smoking and low antioxidant levels increase oxidative damage to sperm DNA.

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1
Fisicoquímica, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de BuenosAires, Argentina.

Abstract

Our previous studies have shown that men with low ascorbate intake have markedly increased oxo8dG in the DNA of their sperm. Because cigarette smoke is high in oxidants and depletes plasma and tissue antioxidants, oxidative DNA damage in sperm and tocopherol and ascorbate levels in seminal plasma were determined in smokers and non-smokers. The level in sperm DNA of oxo8dG, an oxidative lesion of guanine, was 50% higher in smokers compared to nonsmokers (p = 0.005). The concentration of alpha-tocopherol in seminal plasma was decreased in smokers by 32% (p = 0.03). Smoking and low antioxidant levels increase oxidative damage to sperm DNA. We discuss the possibility that paternal smoking causes mutations in sperm that lead to cancer, birth defects, and genetic diseases in offspring.

PMID:
8622715
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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