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J Photochem Photobiol B. 1996 Feb;32(3):153-7.

Meso-substituted cationic porphyrins as efficient photosensitizers of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

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Laboratoire de Recherches L'Oréal, Paris, France.


Previous studies on the photosensitization of bacterial cells with different neutral or negatively charged porphyrins and phthalocyanines have demonstrated that, although Gram-positive bacteria are efficiently photoinactivated, Gram-negative bacteria become photosensitive only after modification of the permeability of their outer membrane. The results described in this paper show that two meso-substituted cationic porphyrins, namely tetra(4N-methyl-pyridyl)porphine tetraiodide and tetra(4N,N,N-trimethyl-anilinium)porphine, efficiently photosensitize the inactivation of Gram-negative bacteria, such as Vibrio anguillarum and Escherichia coli. A negatively charged meso-substituted porphyrin, tetra(4-sulphonatophenyl)porphine, has no appreciable photosensitizing activity towards Gram-negative bacteria, although all three porphyrins exhibit a similar subcellular distribution pattern, being mainly localized in the protoplasts or spheroplasts. Moreover, the three porphyrins show similar efficiency in the photoinactivation of the Gram-positive bacterium Entorecoccus seriolicida.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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