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J Clin Oncol. 1996 Mar;14(3):814-20.

Cisplatin and etoposide combination chemotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic thymoma. A phase II study of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Lung Cancer Cooperative Group.

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1
Free University Hospital, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Thymomas are rare neoplasms of the mediastinum. The role of chemotherapy in advanced thymomas is not fully established.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Lung Cancer Cooperative Group, 16 patients with recurrent or metastatic malignant thymoma were entered over 6 years onto a study of combination chemotherapy that consisted of cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1 and etoposide 120 mg/m2 on days 1, 2, and 3, every 3 weeks.

RESULTS:

A median of six courses per patient was administered. Main side effects of treatment were leukopenia, nausea and vomiting, and alopecia. Five complete responses and four partial responses were obtained, with a median response duration of 3.4 years. The median progression-free survival and survival times were 2.2 years and 4.3 years, respectively, with a median follow-up duration of 7 years.

CONCLUSION:

The combination of cisplatin and etoposide is highly effective and well tolerated in advanced thymoma. The investigation of this combination in a neoadjuvant setting in unresectable invasive thymoma is warranted.

PMID:
8622029
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.1996.14.3.814
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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