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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1996 May;16(3):474-80.

Neuroprotection after several days of mild, drug-induced hypothermia.

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1
Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Canada.

Abstract

Stroke trials are initiated after demonstrated pharmacological protection in animal models. NBQX protects CA1 neurons against global ischemia; however, this glutamate antagonist induces a period of subnormal temperature (e.g., a decrease of only 1.0-1.5 degrees C) lasting several days. In this study, NBQX (3 x 30 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered starting 60 min after reperfusion, and brain temperature had declined significantly below vehicle-treated animals by 2 h after reperfusion. When the postischemic brain temperature of NBQX-treated gerbils was regulated, no neuronal protection was found. Mimicking an NBQX-induced temperature profile for 28 h postischemia yielded histological protection 4 days later comparable to that of NBQX. However, both the NBQX and temperature simulation groups showed decreased protection after 10-day survival. Our data suggest that a protracted period of subnormal temperature during postischemic period can obscure the interpretation of preclinical drug studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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