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APMIS. 1996 Feb;104(2):108-14.

In vitro susceptibility of 124 Xanthomonas maltophilia (Stenotrophomonas maltophilia) isolates: comparison of the agar dilution method with the E-test and two agar diffusion methods.

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Department of Clinical Microbiology, Frederiksberg Hospital, Denmark.


The in vitro susceptibility of 124 Xanthomonas maltophilia isolates was tested by four methods: Agar dilution (reference method), E-test, a disk diffusion and a tablet diffusion method. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole had the highest activity against X. maltophilia, followed by a combination of aztreonam-clavulanic acid at different ratios, the ratio 1:1 being the most active with a susceptibility rate of 85% as compared to 2% for aztreonam alone. Addition of the beta-lactamase inhibitor tazobactam to piperacillin enhanced the rate of susceptible isolates from 31% to 53%, Relatively few isolates were susceptible to ciprofloxacin (27%) and gentamicin (9%). Generally, the disk diffusion method had a considerably higher frequency of "very major" discrepancies when compared with the agar dilution method than with the other methods. The susceptibility of X. maltophilia to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin could reliably be determined by all the diffusion methods tested, but otherwise the agar dilution method is to be preferred. A standardized and reliable diffusion method for susceptibility testing of X. maltophilia remains to be found. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole must be considered the drug of choice in the treatment of severe X. maltophilia infections. The combination aztreonam-clavulanic acid is promising, but must be proved in a clinical setting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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