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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Feb 6;219(1):128-33.

Nitric oxide-donor compounds inhibit lipoxygenase activity.

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  • 1Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy.


The nitric oxide (N0-releasing agents sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) inhibit dioxygenase activity of lipoxygenase in human platelets and human CHP100 neuroblastoma cells, leading the latter to necrosis. The effect of both NO-donors on the dioxygenase reaction was investigated by using soybean lipoxygenase type II (LOX-2) as a model for the mammalian enzyme. SNP and SNAP were competitive inhibitors of LOX-2, with inhibition constants of 525 microM and 710 microM, respectively. Both compounds inactivated LOX-2 by reducing the catalytic iron to the inactive Fe(II) form and counteracted the H2O2-mediated activation of the LOX-2 catalyzed dioxygenase reaction. Similarly, the co-oxidative and per-oxidative activities of LOX-2 were also inhibited by the NO-releasing agents. These findings suggest that the biological role played by NO can be mediated, at least in part, by the inactivation of lipoxygenase, a key-enzyme for the arachidonic acid metabolism in human cells.

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