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Pediatr Res. 1995 Dec;38(6):919-25.

Quantitative relationship between brain temperature and energy utilization rate measured in vivo using 31P and 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas 75235-9063, USA.


In neonatal and adult animals, modest reduction in brain temperature (2-3 degrees C) during ischemia and hypoxia-ischemia provides partial or complete neuroprotection. One potential mechanism for this effect is a decrease in brain energy utilization rate with consequent preservation of brain ATP, as occurs with profound hypothermia. To determine the extent to which modest hypothermia is associated with a decrease in brain energy utilization rate, in vivo 31P and 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was used to measure the rate of change in brain concentration of phosphocreatine, nucleoside triphosphate, and lactate after complete ischemia induced by cardiac arrest in 11 piglets (8-16 d). Pre-ischemia metabolite concentrations and MRS-determined rate constants were used to calculate the initial flux of high energy phosphate equivalents (d[approximately P]/dt, brain energy utilization rate). Baseline physiologic and MRS measurements were obtained at 38.2 degrees C and repeated after brain temperature was adjusted between 28 and 41 degrees C. This was followed by measurement of d[approximately P]/dt during complete ischemia at 1-2 degrees C increments within this temperature range. Adjusting brain temperature did not alter any systemic variable except for heart rate which directly correlated with brain temperature (r = 0.95, p < 0.001). Before ischemia brain temperature inversely correlated with phosphocreatine (r = -0.89, p < 0.001), and reflected changes in the phosphocreatine-ATP equilibrium, because brain temperature inversely correlated with intracellular pH (r = -0.77, p = 0.005). Brain temperature and d[approximately P]/dt were directly correlated and described by a linear relationship (slope = 0.61, intercept = -12, r = 0.92, p < 0.001). A reduction in brain temperature from normothermic values of 38.2 degrees C was associated with a decline in d[approximately P]/dt of 5.3% per 1 degree C, and therefore decreases in d[approximately P]/dt during modest hypothermia represent a potential mechanism contributing to neuroprotection.

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