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Neurology. 1996 Mar;46(3):761-6.

A prion disease with a novel 96-base pair insertional mutation in the prion protein gene.

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Prion Disease Group, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, St. Mary's Hospital Medical School, London, UK.


There are coding mutations in the prion protein gene in familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease, and other phenotypes that make up the inherited prion diseases. Insertional mutations consisting of two, five, six, seven, eight, and nine additional octapeptide repeat elements are seen in the inherited prion diseases and usually present as atypical dementias with considerable intrafamilial phenotypic variability. A four-octarepeat insertion was reported previously in an individual without neurodegenerative disease who died of hepatic cirrhosis. Here we report a novel four-octarepeat insertional mutation in a case with classical clinical, electroencephalographic and histopathologic features of CJD with the unusual finding of pronounced prion protein immunoreactivity of the molecular layer of the cerebellum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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