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J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 May;44(5):569-72.

Effects of exercise on neurobehavioral function in community-dwelling older people more than 75 years of age.

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1
Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Kochi Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We evaluated the effects of exercise on neurobehavioral function in healthy older people more than 75 years of age.

DESIGN:

A randomized controlled trial with 6-month follow-up was conducted.

SETTING:

The study was performed in the rural town of Kahoku, Japan, the population of which is considered representative of the older population of Japan.

PARTICIPANTS:

We studied 42 healthy volunteers (18 men and 24 women; mean age, 79 years (range 75 to 87 years)) who were randomly assigned to one of two groups, exercise or control.

INTERVENTION:

Subjects assigned to the exercise group were instructed to exercise for 60 minutes twice a week for 6 months. Subjects in the control group were not instructed to engage in an specific exercise regimen.

MEASUREMENTS:

The following measurements were recorded for both groups at baseline and at 6-month follow-up: (1) Neurobehavioral function as determined by the following tests: Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), Hasegawa Dementia Scale Revised (HDSR), Visuospatial Cognitive Performance Test (VCP-test), Button score, Up & Go test, and Functional Reach; and (2) Body mass index and blood pressure.

RESULTS:

The effects of exercise were shown in the Up & Go test, and Functional Reach (ANOVA with repeated measures).

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates the acceptability and effectiveness of exercise on neurobehavioral function, even in older people more than 75 years of age.

PMID:
8617907
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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