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J Biol Chem. 1996 Mar 1;271(9):4605-8.

Interleukin-1 alpha activates an NF-kappaB-like factor in osteoclast-like cells.

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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-82, Japan.


We investigated the NF-kappaB transcription factor in osteoclast-like cells. Osteoclast-like cells were differentiated from mouse bone marrow cells in co-culture with mouse calvaria-derived primary osteoblasts in the presence of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and prostaglandin E2 in collagen gel-coated dishes. We enriched osteoclast-like cells from the co-cultures by Pronase treatment. When the enriched osteoclast-like cells were treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, interleukin-1 (IL-1), calcitonin, or macrophage colony-stimulating factor, only IL-1 activated an NF-kappaB-like factor, which specifically bound to a kappaB motif DNA sequence, as detected by an electrophoretic mobility shift assay. IL-1 also activated NF-kappaB induction in osteoblasts. However, the NF-kappaB-like factor induced by IL-1-stimulated osteoclast-like cells is of smaller molecular size than the factor in osteoblasts, as shown by an electrophoretic mobility shift assay. The NF-kappaB activity of osteoclast-like cells was recognized completely by antibodies against the p50 subunit, and only partially by antibodies against the p65 subunit of NF-++kappaB. Antibodies against c-Rel, Rel B, and p52 did not recognize the NF-kappaB-like factor. These results suggest that IL-1 activates an NF-kappaB-like factor in osteoclast-like cells, which contains p50 and p65-related proteins.

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