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Biochem J. 1996 Apr 15;315 ( Pt 2):619-24.

Cells retrovirally transfected with fibroblast growth factor-2 isoforms exhibit altered adenylate cyclase activity and G-protein functionality.

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INSERM U. 151, CHU Rangueil, Toulouse, France.


Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) is synthesized as different molecular mass isoforms all lacking the signal-peptide sequence. The high molecular-mass isoforms (21-24 kDa) possess a signal sequence directing their nuclear translocation. The role of each isoform is still poorly understood, however, modifications in intracellular signalling pathways could explain some effects of these peptides. In order to evaluate the role of FGF-2 isoforms on the adenylate cyclase (AC) signalling pathway, we retrovirally infected a rat pancreatic cell line (AR4-2J) with point-mutated FGF-2 cDNAs, allowing the expression of the 18 (A5 cells) or 22.5 kDa isoform (A3 cells) at a low level. In membrane preparations of A3 cells, unscheduled expression of the 22.5 kDa FGF-2 isoform induced a 2-fold decrease in both basal and forskolin-stimulated AC activity. Studies carried out on intact cells also showed decreased accumulation of cAMP in A3 cells in the presence of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine. Both FGF-2 peptides also induced functional modifications of G-proteins without affecting their levels. The 22.5 kDa peptide led to enhanced ADP-ribosylation of both alpha(s)-subunits in vitro, whereas the expression of the low molecular-mass 18 kDa peptide resulted in a 2-fold increase in alpha12 and alpha0 ADP-ribosylations. Furthermore, control CAT cells (AR4-2J cells transfected with the retrovirus containing the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene) and A5 cells were growth-inhibited by 8-Br-cAMP, in contrast to A3 cells. These data provide evidence that the expression of FGF-2 peptides could play a role in cell functions by modifying the AC signalling pathway. FGF-2 peptides are able to modulate both AC activity and the regulatory G-proteins. Finally FGF-2 expression may interfere with cAMP-regulated cell proliferation.

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