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Virology. 1996 Apr 1;218(1):159-68.

Vpx association with mature core structures of HIV-2.

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Divisions of Molecular Medicine and Basic Science, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1124 Columbia Street, Seattle, Washington, 98104, USA.


Vpx is a virion-incorporated protein encoded by HIV-2 and certain strains of SIV which is necessary for efficient infection of lymphocytes and macrophages. To determine the location of Vpx within the HIV-2 particle, core structures were obtained from mature HIV-2 virions. Analysis of purified cores reveal the presence of monomeric Vpx as well as a nondenaturable and nonreducible higher order Vpx complex. Characterization of the core-associated Vpx complex suggests it to be a Vpx homodimer, indicative of high concentrations of Vpx. The incorporation and concentration of Vpx in HIV-2 cores support the hypothesis that it functions within the viral preintegration complex.

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