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Pediatr Clin North Am. 1996 Apr;43(2):409-32.

Necrotizing enterocolitis: the search for a unifying pathogenic theory leading to prevention.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, USA.


During the past two decades, necrotizing enterocolitis has emerged as a major cause of mortality and morbidity in premature infants. The specific cause of the disease remains enigmatic, but several putative risk factors provide clues to a pathophysiology that seems to be multifactorial. With the use of newly developed scientific tools, an understanding of the basic pathophysiologic cascade that causes necrotizing enterocolitis is emerging, providing hope for improved treatment and prevention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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