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Hypertension. 1996 Mar;27(3 Pt 2):552-7.

cDNA cloning and gene expression of human type Ialpha cGMP-dependent protein kinase.

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  • 1Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Kyoto Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.


The type I cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) is one of the major pathways for the cGMP cascade and has been demonstrated to inhibit platelet aggregation, relax smooth muscle cells, and control cardiocyte contractility. There are two subtypes of the type I cGK, cGKIalpha and cGKIbeta. The former is more sensitive to cGMP than the latter. In humans, cGKIbeta cDNA was isolated, but the full structure and tissue-specific gene expression of cGKIalpha have not been determined. The significance of cGK in human cardiovascular diseases has not been investigated at the molecular level. In the present study, we isolated the full-length human CGKIalpha cDNA (-36 to +2177; the translation start site: +1) enclosing the 671-amino acid protein. Nucleotides +267 to +2177 of the isolated cDNA were identical to the corresponding nucleotides of human cGKIbeta cDNA. Southern blot analysis suggested that human cGKIalpha and cGKIbeta are generated by alternative splicing of a single gene assigned to chromosome 10. By Northern blot analysis, we detected abundant human cGKIalpha mRNA (7.0 kb) in the aorta, heart, kidneys, and adrenals. In contrast, human cGKIbeta mRNA (7.0 kb) was detected abundantly only in the uterus. In cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, the type I cGK mRNA concentration was reduced to 10% of the basal level by 4 x 10(-10) mol/L platelet-derived growth factor. Angiotensin II (10(-8) mol/L), transforming growth factor-beta (4 x 10(-11) mol/L), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (6 x 10(-6) mol/L) also exhibited an inhibitory effect on type I cGK gene expression. These findings suggest a pathophysiological implication of the type I cGK in cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension and atherosclerosis.

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