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FEBS Lett. 1996 Mar 25;383(1-2):93-8.

Change in membrane permeability induced by protegrin 1: implication of disulphide bridges for pore formation.

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Centre de Recherches de Biochimie Macromoléculaire, CNRS-INSERM, Montpellier, France.


Protegrin 1 (PG-1) is a naturally occurring cationic antimicrobial peptide that is 18 residues long, has an aminated carboxy terminus and contains two disulphide bridges. Here, we investigated the antimicrobial activity of PG-1 and three linear analogues. Then, the membrane permeabilisation induced by these peptides was studied upon Xenopus laevis oocytes by electrophysiological methods. From the results obtained, we concluded that protegrin is able to form anion channels. Moreover, it seems clear that the presence of disulphide bridges is a prerequisite for the pore formation at the membrane level and not for the antimicrobial activity.

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