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FEBS Lett. 1996 Mar 25;383(1-2):26-30.

Novel effects of dendrotoxin homologues on subtypes of mammalian Kv1 potassium channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes.

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Department of Biochemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK.


We have examined the effects of two DTX homologues, toxin I and toxin K, on Kv1.1, Kv1.2 and Kv1.6 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Toxin I blocked all three channels; in contrast, toxin K was selective for Kv1.1. Both toxins slowed channel activation and inactivation kinetics with 10 nM toxin I approximately doubling activation and inactivation time constants of Kv1.1. For the first time, we have demonstrated the selectivity of a DTX homologue for a single cloned Kv1 channel and suggest that these toxins may sterically hinder the conformational changes that occur during channel gating.

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