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Nat Med. 1996 Mar;2(3):306-10.

HLA-DR4 and HLA-DR10 motifs that carry susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis bind 70-kD heat shock proteins.

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Laboratoire d'Immuno-Rhumatologie, Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, France.


Most patients with rheumatoid arthritis express particular HLA-DR alleles. The DRbeta1 chains of these alleles share a highly homologous amino acid motif, in their third hypervariable (HV3) region, and this motif seems to help the development of rheumatoid arthritis via unknown mechanisms. In an attempt to identify a ligand of this motif, we screened bacterial proteins. HV3 peptides from HLA-DRB1 alleles containing a QKRAA or RRRAA motif bound the 70-kD heat shock protein (HSP) from Escherichia coli, dnaK. In lymphoblastoid cells homozygous for these same HLA-DRB1 alleles the constitutive 70-kD HSP, HSP73, that targets selected proteins to lysosomes coprecipitated with HLA-DR. Thus the QKRAA and RRRAA amino acid motifs of HLA-DR mediate binding of HLA-DR to HSP73. This property may influence the intracellular route, processing or peptide associations of the HLA-DRbeta1 chain in these two rheumatoid arthritis-associated alleles.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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