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Br J Haematol. 1996 Apr;93(1):22-9.

Implication of CD44 in adhesion-mediated overproduction of TGF-beta and IL-1 in monocytes from patients with bone marrow fibrosis.

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Department of Medicine, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, Newark 07103, USA.


Myelofibrosis (MF) is characterized by bone marrow (BM) fibrosis and excessive deposits of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins which include fibronectin (FN), collagen type I and hyaluronic acid (HA). We have previously reported that adhesion to polystyrene over-activates MF monocytes. We now confirm their activation by increased CD25 expression and tyrosine phosphorylation. We hypothesize that ECM protein-adhesion molecule interactions induce overproduction of fibrogenic cytokines in MF monocytes leading to BM fibrosis. In this study we found that FN, collagen type I and HA induce 2-3-fold more TGF-beta and 6-9 fold more interleukin (IL)-1 in MF monocytes than normal controls (NC). Since CD44 can function as the natural ligand for these proteins, its role was studied. We found that CD44 mediated most of the TGF-beta and IL-1 produced. Immunoprecipitation of CD44 revealed three proteins at approximately 11 kD in MF monocytes and one in NC. Our results indicated that adhesion is important in overproduction of TGF-beta and IL-1, and that their production is at least partly mediated by adhesion molecule-ECM protein interactions. These results implicate at least one adhesion molecule, CD44, in the pathophysiology of the BM fibrosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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