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Virology. 1996 Apr 15;218(2):372-81.

The amount of host HLA-DR proteins acquired by HIV-1 is virus strain- and cell type-specific.

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Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université Laval, Ste-Foy, Québec, Canada.


We semiquantitatively monitored the incorporation of host membrane proteins on different strains of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) grown in several human CD4+ lymphoid cell lines and in primary mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The relative amounts of virally acquired cell proteins were estimated by the ability of HIV-1 to be captured by magnetic beads coated with monoclonal antibodies. Here we report that, among host surface proteins studied, HLA-DR molecules were the most abundant virion-bound host molecules. We have also found that, in contrast to previous studies, HLA-DP and -DQ isotypes were also present on virus progeny. More importantly, we determined that the relative levels of virally acquired host HLA-DR proteins, as estimated by capture with immunomagnetic beads, greatly differed depending on the virus strain and the producer cell. These observations extend beyond already published results and suggest that the process of incorporation of cellular molecules on newly released virus particles is a phenomenon that relies on both the virus strain and producer cell line. These in vitro observations are of prime importance considering that virus-acquired host molecules have been recently shown to affect the biology of HIV.

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