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Nature. 1996 May 2;381(6577):42-8.

Structure and mutational analysis of Rab GDP-dissociation inhibitor.

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Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.


The crystal structure of the bovine alpha-isoform of Rab GDP-dissociation inhibitor (GDI), which functions in vesicle-membrane transport to recycle and regulate Rab GTPases, has been determined to a resolution of 1.81 A. GDI is constructed of two main structural units, a large complex multisheet domain I and a smaller alpha-helical domain II. The structural organization of domain I is surprisingly closely related to FAD-containing monooxygenases and oxidases. Sequence-conserved regions common to GDI and the choroideraemia gene product, which delivers Rab to catalytic subunits of Rab geranylgeranyltransferase II, are clustered on one face of the molecule. The two most sequence-conserved regions, which form a compact structure at the apex of GDI, are shown by site-directed mutagenesis to play a critical role in the binding of Rab proteins.

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