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Leukemia. 1995 Dec;9(12):2109-14.

Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) as a powerful tool for the detection of aneuploidy in multiple myeloma.

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Laboratoire de Génétique Humaine, Faculté de Médecine, Lille, France.


Conventional cytogenetic (CC) studies performed in multiple myeloma (MM) are difficult because of the low proliferation rate of plasma cells (PC). The purpose of this study was to compare results obtained by CC and by FISH for the detection of numeric chromosomal changes in patients with MM. PC DNA content, CC and interphase FISH analysis were performed on 29 consecutive patients with MM. Fifteen patients (control group) had known Cytogenetic abnormalities identified by CC. The other 14 patients (study group) had a normal karyotype but an abnormal DNA content. Bone marrow material prepared for CC or cytospin slides were probed with classical satellite III or alpha satellite DNA sequences for chromosomes 3, 7, 8, 9, 11 and 15 (chromosomes 3, 7, 9, 11, 15 probes for hyperdiploid patients and the chromosome 8 probe for hypodiploid patients). In the control group, an unexplained discrepancy between CC and FISH occurred for only one chromosome in one patient. Also in this group, four patients had only one abnormal cell by CC and the numeric changes in these patients were always confirmed by FISH analysis. In the study group, FISH analysis showed an abnormal result in all but one patient. From these data, we conclude that FISH improves the detection of cytogenetic abnormalities in multiple myeloma. Using commercially available DNA probes for the most frequent numeric changes and slides for CC or cytospin slides, we demonstrated abnormal cytogenetics by FISH in 28/29 patients. In further studies, use of FISH could permit a more accurate description of numeric changes and their prognostic value in MM as well as an approach to clonal evolution. It would also be of interest in the study of monoclonal gammopathies of undetermined significance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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