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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996 Apr;27(5):1251-6.

Dobutamine stress echocardiography for detection of coronary artery stenosis in children with Kawasaki disease.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study was designed to assess the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography for detection of coronary artery stenosis in children with Kawasaki disease.

BACKGROUND:

Dobutamine stress echocardiography is valuable as an alternative test for detection of coronary artery disease in adult patients; however, its usefulness for children has been demonstrated only in limited cases.

METHODS:

Dobutamine stress echocardiography (up to 30 microgram/kg body weight per min) was performed in 50 patients at the convalescent stage of Kawasaki disease, including 26 patients with coronary sequelae documented by previous coronary angiography (sequelae group, 3 to 15 years old) and 24 patients with normal coronary arteries documented by echocardiography (normal group, 7 to 16 years old), who underwent quantitative coronary angiography on a separate day. Left ventricular regional wall motion divided into 16 segments was assessed in relation to the extent of coronary artery disease. A positive test response was defined as a new or worsened wall motion abnormalities.

RESULTS:

Significant coronary artery disease (> or = 50% diameter stenosis of major vessels) was present in 21 patients in the sequelae group. There was no significant difference in the maximal dose of dobutamine between the sequelae and normal groups ([mean +/- SD] 22.4 +/- 5.1 vs. 24.2 +/- 2.5 microgram/kg per min). Heart rate and systolic blood pressure were significantly increased (p < 0.01) at maximal dose of dobutamine compared with values at rest in both groups; consequently, the rate-pressure product exceeded 20,000 in 20 (40%) of the 50 patients during dobutamine infusion. Ten patients had self-limiting side effects; however, there were no serious complications from stress-induced ischemia. New wall motion abnormalities corresponding to the extent of coronary artery disease were detected in 19 of 21 patients in the sequelae group, whereas no wall motion abnormalities were detected in the normal group. Thus, the sensitivity and specificity of dobutamine stress echocardiography for the detection of coronary artery disease were 90% and 100%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that dobutamine stress echocardiography is a safe and accurate diagnostic method for detection of coronary artery stenosis in Kawasaki disease. Moreover, this is a possible alternative method for patients unable to exercise adequately, even if they are small children.

PMID:
8609352
DOI:
10.1016/0735-1097(95)00570-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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