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FEBS Lett. 1996 Mar 18;382(3):289-92.

Tannin interactions with a full-length human salivary proline-rich protein display a stronger affinity than with single proline-rich repeats.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The Krebs Institute for Biomolecular Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.


The protein IB5 has been purified from human parotid saliva. This protein contains several repeats of a short proline-rich sequence. Dissociation constants have been measured at several discrete binding sites using 1H-NMR for the hydrolysable tannins (polyphenols) beta-1,3,6-tri-O-galloyl-D-glucopyranose, beta-1,2,4,6-tetra-O-galloyl-D-glucopyranose and beta-1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-D-glucopyranose and the condensed proanthocyanidin (--)-epicatechin. The dissociation constants for trigalloyl glucose and pentagalloyl glucose were 15 X 10(-5) and 1.7 X 10(-5) M, respectively, which are 115 and 1660 times stronger than those previously measured under the same conditions for a single repeat of a mouse salivary proline-rich protein. The increase in affinity is ascribed to intramolecular secondary interactions, which are strengthened by the rigidity of the interacting molecules.

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