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Vet Microbiol. 1995 Nov;47(1-2):99-109.

Stages of Marek's disease virus latency defined by variable sensitivity to interferon modulation of viral antigen expression.

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1
Department of Avian and Aquatic Animal Medicine College of Veterinary Medicine Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Abstract

Cytokines in conditioned medium can suppress expression of viral internal antigens (VIA) in lymphocytes latently infected with Marek's disease virus. In the present study, conditioned media produced by spleen cells stimulated with concanavalin A or by mixed-lymphocyte reaction had significantly greater (P < 0.05) VIA-suppressive activity with lymphocytes harvested from birds at 14 days post infection than with those collected at 7 days. This finding defines two stages during the latent period in which sensitivity of lymphocytes to cytokine modulation of viral expression differs. Suppression involved proteins representing immediate-early, early and late viral antigens. Physico-chemical characterization of the suppressive factor in conditioned medium was consistent with that expected of interferon. Indeed, natural interferon prepared from avian reovirus-exposed chicken embryo cells, and recombinant chicken interferon, both mimicked the activity of conditioned medium and were more suppressive with lymphocytes from the later stage of latency.

PMID:
8604560
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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