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Endocrinology. 1996 Mar;137(3):864-72.

Androgen-regulated proliferation and gene transcription in a prostate smooth muscle cell line (PS-1).

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Department of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


Androgens play a key role in directing stromal-epithelial interactions in prostate gland development, in maintenance of adult phenotype, and in disease progression. To address the molecular mechanisms of androgen action in prostate stromal cells and the genes regulated by androgens in this cell type, a stromal cell line (PS-1) was developed from rat ventral prostate. The PS-1 cell line was adapted to chemically defined media and characterized as smooth muscle based on expression of desmin, smooth muscle alpha-actin, and nuclear androgen receptor, markers for prostate smooth muscle. To examine steroid hormone regulation, PS-1 cells were analyzed for response to a panel of steroid hormones in serum-free, chemically defined media. PS-1 cells were significantly growth stimulated by physiological concentrations of androgens (10nM) relative to other steroids tested. To ascertain whether this cell line could be used to examine androgen-regulated gene expression, differential display PCR was used to demonstrate the presence of androgen-regulated transcripts and provide the initial steps in cloning these genes. Replicate differential display PCR analyses showed consistent androgen stimulation of 16 messenger RNA species. Northern analysis confirmed androgen regulation of 6 species. Sequence analysis of each indicated no regions of significant homology or direct matches to existing sequences. Further study of the PS-1 stromal cell line and androgen-regulated genes identified here will provide a novel in vitro system for defining molecular mechanisms of androgen action in prostate stromal cells and the significance of stromal androgen-regulated genes to stromal-epithelial interactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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