Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Dev Dyn. 1995 Dec;204(4):406-20.

Cdk family genes are expressed not only in dividing but also in terminally differentiated mouse germ cells, suggesting their possible function during both cell division and differentiation.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and Development, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Abstract

The roles of the cyclin dependent kinase (Cdk) family in murine germ cell development have been examined by studying the expression of five Cdk family genes (Cdc2, Cdk2, Cdk4, Pctaire-1, and Pctaire-3) in mouse reproductive organs. Northern blot and in situ hybridization analyses revealed distinctive expression patterns of these genes with striking cellular, lineage, and developmental stage specificity. We observed Cdk expression in cell types with proliferative activity: Cdc2 and Cdk2 expression in premeiotic spermatocytes in the testis, and Cdc2, Cdk2, and Cdk4 expression in granulosa cells of ovarian follicles. Cdc2 transcripts were most abundant in late pachytene to diplotene spermatocytes, soon to undergo meiosis. Surprisingly, we also observed expression of Cdk family genes in non-proliferating cell types. All five Cdk family genes examined were expressed in Sertoli cells of the adult testis, which are no longer mitotically active. With regard to Pctaire-1 and Pctaire-3, the highest levels of expression were observed in postmeiotic spermatids. Immunoblot analysis also revealed the presence of high levels of Pctaire-1 in postmeiotic germ cells. These results suggest that Cdk family kinases may exhibit various functions in germinal and somatic cells during gametogenesis, not only in the cell cycle but also in other regulatory processes, including differentiation.

PMID:
8601034
DOI:
10.1002/aja.1002040407
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center