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Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1996 Apr;122(4):399-403.

Ciliary neurotrophic factors enhances peripheral nerve regeneration.

Author information

1
Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Calif, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adjunctive measures to enhance nerve repair have focused on a variety of trophic factors that alter the physiologic response to nerve injury through Schwann cell-axonal interactions.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of two trophic factors, ciliary neurotrophic factor and nerve growth factor, on axonal response to injury.

DESIGN:

A prospective, randomized, blinded animal study with a placebo control using lactated Ringer's solution.

INTERVENTION:

Rat sciatic nerves were transected and repaired as a model of injury following which experimental factors were delivered in vivo through an implantable osmotic pump.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Functional nerve recovery, muscle mass, and gene expression in the three experimental groups were evaluated.

RESULTS:

The ciliary neurotrophic factor group (n=6) showed a higher sciatic functional recovery (P=.003) and preservation of affected muscle mass (P=.03) compared with the nerve growth factor (n=8) and control (n=8) groups. Molecular analysis of injured nerves showed no difference in expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor, myelin basic protein, or low-affinity neurotrophin receptor messenger RNA among the three groups.

CONCLUSION:

These data suggest that ciliary neurotrophic factor may serve as an important neurocytokine for axonal regrowth during peripheral nerve regeneration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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