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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1996 Feb 29;1310(3):269-76.

Astrocytes synthesize and secrete prostaglandin D synthetase in vitro.

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The Population Council, Center for Biomedical Research, NY 10021, USA.


Prostaglandin D synthetase [PGD-S, prostaglandin-H2 D-isomerase, (5Z, 13E)-(15S)-9alpha, 11 alpha-epidioxy-15-hyrdroxyprosta-5,13-dienoate D-isomerase, EC 5,3,99,2], an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of prostaglandin D2, was originally isolated from homogenates of rat brain and spleen and is known to be a membrane-bound enzyme. Subsequent immunohistochemical studies have shown that PGD-S is associated with neurons in the brain of immature rats, whereas in adult rats it is associated with oligodendrocytes. Several recent studies have shown that the beta-trace protein isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the second most abundant protein in human CSF after albumin, is equivalent to PGD-S. In this paper, we report the preparation of a monospecific polyclonal antibody against purified PGD-S isolated from human CSF and the establishment of a specific radioimmunoassay for this protein. Using this radioimmunoassay in conjunction with immunoblot analysis, PGD-S was detected in various biological fluids including serum, aqueous humor, and rete testis fluid. In addition, an antibody prepared against human PGD-S partially cross-reacted with the PGD-S in the rat and ram. Using a monospecific polyclonal antibody prepared against purified rat PGD-S isolated from rat CSF in conjunction with [35S]methionine incorporation and immunoprecipitation techniques, it was shown for the first time that PGD-S is actively synthesized and secreted by astrocytes cultured in vitro, suggesting the astrocyte is the cellular origin of PGD-S in the CSF. The identification of the astrocyte as the cellular origin of this unique enzyme will allow the use of an in vitro system to study its regulation.

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