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J Neuroimmunol. 1996 Jan;64(1):9-17.

Biomolecular events involved in the establishment of brain anticandidal resistance.

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Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Perugia, Italy.


Using a murine model, we have demonstrated the establishment of cerebral resistance to local lethal challenge with Candida albicans strain CA-6, by previous intracerebral (i.c.) infection with the low-virulent strain PCA-2. Here we show that i.c. infection with PCA-2 is effective in drastically reducing brain colonization following secondary infection with CA-6. As assessed by colony forming unit assay and histopathological analysis, microbial counts are impaired, granuloma formation and hyphal growth are also reduced in brains of PCA-2- and CA-6-infected mice with respect to CA-6-challenged mice. Furthermore, using PCR studies, we found that, while PCA-2 (i.e. healing infection) induces transient cytokine gene expression in the mouse brain, CA-6 lethal challenge results in long-lasting (until mouse death) high levels of all cytokine gene transcripts assessed. Finally brains from mice that will resist CA-6 challenge, because of previous infection with PCA-2, also exhibit a transient induction of all cytokine genes. Only IL-1 beta remains highly expressed at all time- points tested. Overall, these results provide evidence that healing and non-healing C. albicans i.c. infections differ in the immune reaction(s) locally evoked, at least in terms of cytokine gene expression, strongly suggesting cytokine involvement in the establishment of brain anticandidal resistance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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