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J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1995 Aug;27(4):407-14.

Glycine decarboxylase: protein chemistry and molecular biology of the major protein in leaf mitochondria.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of Idaho, Moscow 83843, USA.


The four component proteins of the glycine decarboxylase multienzyme complex (the P-, H-, T-, and L-proteins) comprise over one-third of the soluble proteins in mitochondria isolated from the leaves of C3 plants. Together with serine hydroxymethyltransferase, glycine decarboxylase converts glycine to serine and is the site of photorespiratory CO2 and NH3 release. The component proteins of the complex are encoded on nuclear genes with N-terminal presequences that target them to the mitochondria. The isolated complex readily dissociates into its component proteins and reassociates into the intact complex in vitro. Because of the intimate association between photosynthesis and photorespiration, the proteins of the complex are present at higher levels in leaves in the light. The expression of these genes is controlled at the transcriptional level and the kinetics of expression are closely related to those of the small subunit of Rubisco. Deletion analysis of fusions between the promoter of the H-protein of the complex and the reporter gene beta-glucuronidase in transgenic tobacco has identified a region responsible for the tissue specificity and light dependence of gene expression. Gel shift experiments show that a nuclear protein in leaves binds to this region. Glycine decarboxylase has proven to be an excellent system for studying problems in plant biochemistry ranging from protein-protein interactions to control of gene expression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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