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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1996 Mar;(324):116-25.

Bone allografts in periodontal therapy.

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  • 1Department of Periodontics, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78284-7894, USA.

Abstract

Bone allografts as used in dentistry have a 20-year history of safety and efficacy. Case reports and controlled clinical trials have shown the potential of both mineralized and decalcified cortical freeze-dried bone allograft to reconstruct the bone defects caused by periodontitis. Histomorphometric analysis of human biopsies following grafts of decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft have shown the ability of decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft to promote regeneration of new bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament on a tooth root surface previously exposed to bacterial plaque. The addition of mineralized freeze-dried bone allograft and decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft to the guided tissue and guided bone regeneration procedures have significantly enhanced results, especially in large osseous lesions.

PMID:
8595746
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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