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Can J Microbiol. 1996 Jan;42(1):87-93.

Serogroup conversion of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 to Vibrio cholerae O1: effect of growth state of cells, temperature, and salinity.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA.


Recently, we reported the occurrence of seroconversion from Vibrio cholerae non-O1 to V. cholerae O1, but little is known about the environmental and physiological factors influencing seroconversion. We investigated effects of temperature (4, 25, and 35 degrees C) and salinity ( < 0.05 and 10%0.), as well as the stage of growth of cells, on serogroup conversion. Seroconversion of V. cholerae occurred under various environmental conditions. However, the rate of seroconversion in natural water ( < 0.5% salinity) and synthetic seawater microcosms (10%0 salinity), employing cells harvested from stationary phase culture, was approximately 2 logs higher than cells harvested from cultures in the logarithmic phase (i.e., 10(5) versus 10(3) per 10(10) cells. Thus, the physiological state of the cells, and to a lesser degree, temperature and salinity, is an important factor in the conversion of V. cholerae from non-O1 to O1 serogroup.

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